We conservatives believe with all our fiber the following;
When in the Course of human events it becomes necessary for one people to dissolve the political bands which have connected them with another and to assume among the powers of the earth, the separate and equal station to which the Laws of Nature and of Nature's God entitle them, a decent respect to the opinions of mankind requires that they should declare the causes which impel them to the separation.
Conservatives hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that we are endowed by God with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness. — That to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed, — That whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new Government, laying its foundation on such principles and organizing its powers in such form, as to them shall seem most likely to effect their Safety and Happiness. Prudence, indeed, will dictate that Governments long established should not be changed for light and transient causes; and accordingly all experience has shown that mankind are more disposed to suffer, while evils are sufferable than to right themselves by abolishing the forms to which they are accustomed. But when a long train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing invariably the same Object evinces a design to reduce them under absolute Despotism, it is our right, it is our duty, to throw off such Government, and to provide new Guards for our future security. — Such has been the patient sufferance of these conservatives; and such is now the necessity which constrains us to alter our former Systems of Government. The history of the present Congress is a history of repeated injuries and usurpations, all having in direct object the establishment of an absolute Tyranny over these States. To prove this, let Facts be submitted to a candid world.
Congress has refused ther Assent to Laws, the most wholesome and necessary for the public good.
Congress has forbidden our Governors to pass Laws of immediate and pressing importance, unless suspended in their operation till Congress Assent should be obtained; and when so suspended, Congress has utterly neglected to attend to them.
The Congress has refused to pass other Laws for the accommodation of large districts of people, unless those people would relinquish the right of Representation in the Legislature, a right inestimable to them and formidable to tyrants only.
The Congress has called together legislative bodies at places unusual, uncomfortable, and distant from the depository of their Public Records, for the sole purpose of fatiguing them into compliance with their measures.
The Congress has dissolved Representative Houses repeatedly, for opposing with manly firmness of The Congressional invasions on the rights of the people.
The Congress has refused for a long time, after such dissolutions, to cause others to be elected, whereby the Legislative Powers, incapable of Annihilation, have returned to the People at large for their exercise; the State remaining in the mean time exposed to all the dangers of invasion from without, and convulsions within.
The Congress has endeavored to prevent the population of these States; for that purpose obstructing the Laws for Naturalization of Foreigners; refusing to pass others to encourage their migrations hither, and raising the conditions of new Appropriations of Lands.
The Congress has obstructed the Administration of Justice by refusing his Assent to Laws for establishing Judiciary Powers.
The Congress has made Judges dependent on The Congressional Will alone for the tenure of their offices, and the amount and payment of their salaries.
The Congress has erected a multitude of New Offices, and sent hither swarms of Officers to harass our people and eat out their substance.
The Congress has kept among us, in times of peace, Standing Armies without the Consent of our legislatures.
The Congress has affected to render the Military dependent of and inferior to the needs of the nation
The Congress has combined with others to subject us to a jurisdiction foreign to our constitution, and unacknowledged by our laws; giving Congressional Assent to their Acts of pretended Legislation:
For weakening of armed troops among us:
For abandoning them, to mock Trials for punishment of any false chares on the Inhabitants of our military:
For imposing Taxes on us without our Consent:
For depriving us in many cases, of the benefit of Trial by Jury:
For transporting us beyond Seas to be tried for pretended offences:
For abolishing the free System of American Laws for arbitrary laws of any neighboring Province or nation, establishing therein an arbitrary government, and enlarging its constitutional power beyond the constitutional boundaries so as to render it at once an example and fit instrument for introducing the same absolute rule into these United States.
For taking away our Charters, abolishing our most valuable Laws and altering fundamentally the Forms of our Government:
For suspending our own Legislatures, and declaring themselves invested with power to legislate for us in all cases whatsoever.
The Congress has abdicated Government here, by declaring us out of Congressional Protection and waging War against us.
The Congress has plundered our seas, ravaged our coasts, ruined our towns, and destroyed the lives of our people.
The Congress is at this time transporting large Armies of foreign Mercenaries to complete the works of death, desolation, and tyranny, already begun with circumstances of Cruelty & Perfidy scarcely paralleled in the most barbarous ages, and totally unworthy the Head of a civilized nation.
The Congress has excited domestic insurrections amongst us, and has endeavored to bring on the inhabitants of our frontiers, the merciless foreign Savages whose known rule of warfare, is an undistinguished destruction of all ages, sexes and conditions.
In every stage of these Oppressions We have Petitioned for Redress in the most humble terms: Our repeated Petitions have been answered only by repeated injury. A Congress, whose character is thus marked by every act which may define a Tyrant, is unfit to be the legislator of a free people.
Nor have We been wanting in attentions to our Liberal brethren. We have warned them from time to time of attempts by their legislature to extend an unwarrantable jurisdiction over us. We have reminded them of the circumstances of foreign emigration and settlement here. We have appealed to their native justice and magnanimity, and we have conjured them by the ties of our common kindred to disavow these usurpations, which would inevitably interrupt our connections and correspondence. They too have been deaf to the voice of justice and of consanguinity. We must, therefore, acquiesce in the necessity, which denounces our Separation, and hold them, as we hold the rest of mankind, Enemies in War, in Peace Friends.
We, therefore, the conservatives of the united States of America, in General, Assembled, appealing to the Supreme Judge of the world for the rectitude of our intentions, do, in the Name, and by Authority of the good People of these united states, solemnly publish and declare, That these united states are, and of Right ought to be Free and Independent States, that they are Absolved from all Allegiance to the liberal rule, and that all political connection between them and the State of tyrannical control, is and ought to be totally dissolved; and that as Free and Independent States, they have full Power to levy War, conclude Peace, contract Alliances, establish Commerce, and to do all other Acts and Things which Independent States may of right do. — And for the support of this Declaration, with a firm reliance on the protection of Divine Providence, we mutually pledge to each other our Lives, our Fortunes, and our sacred Honor.
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